​International Law Research Paper about Child Trafficking – 12-14 page

Description

International Law

Research Paper

Your assignment is to research and analyze an international law created in response to an international issue. The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the issue area surrounding the law, and the behavior(s) of states in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the international law you have chosen.

A. Requirements

Write a 12-14 page, double-spaced, 1″ margin, typed paper, add page numbers and include a cover page (not included in the page count).

B. Sources

Include a Reference/Bibliography page and cite at least 5 different sources.

You may use scholarly journals, books, government documents and web sites (including at least one book and one journal) for your sources. Encyclopedias including internet encyclopedias (wikipedia, answers.com, etc.) are not scholarly sources and should not be used as references for your paper. Plagiarism and cheating will not be tolerated. All cases of plagiarism and cheating will result in disciplinary action, including an F for the assignment and possibly the class.

C. Grading

The paper will be graded on

Content (Focus, Organization, Coherence, Support, Logic and Analysis),

Research Sufficiency, and

Style (Format, Punctuation, Grammar and Citations).

All citations and bibliographies should be properly formatted using the Chicago Citation style, and use parenthetical notation for in-text citations rather than footnotes: (Author(s) Last Name, Year, pg. #).

** Keep your writing formal. Do not use contractions and slang. Avoid the use of colloquial terms such as “get” or “got”, “a lot”, “huge,” and “things.” A thesaurus can be a useful tool, but only when used correctly.

Final Paper:

Your paper must contain four parts with greatest emphasis on Part 3 and 4:

1. Briefly introduce the international law (2-3 pages).

a. Describe the law (is it soft or hard law, is it a treaty, case or institution, etc.)

b. Describe its purpose and how it functions.

2. Discuss the historical context for the law, include an introduction of the main states involved in its creation and an overview of why the law was created (what collective problem was the law designed to overcome). (3-4 pages)

3. Analyze the law’ s effectiveness. You must discuss “consent” and select at least three additional variables of effectiveness we have discussed in class, and then analyze the ability of the law to be effective based on these criteria. Your analysis should be based on your sources and your own perspective. (4-5 pages)

Discuss questions such as:

a. Can the law effectively guide or constrain the behavior of states (or institutions or individuals)?

b. Was the law correctly designed to address the collective problem? Why or why not?

c. Are there characteristics of the current international system and states that strengthen or weaken the law’s effectiveness?

4. Finally, compare and contrast your case to at least two other cases we covered in class in order to answer the questions: What would be necessary to increase the effectiveness of international law? Why? (4-5 pages)

As part of your answer, consider the following questions:

a. Why and how should states follow international law?

b. What influences the effectiveness of international law?

Use examples from lectures, readings, and the treaty simulation to substantiate your answer.

Child Trafficking
Research questions
1. What is considered child trafficking?
2. Which regions are notorious for child trafficking?
3. What are the reasons for child trafficking?
4. What has been the impact of the protocol on child trafficking?
Thesis
The United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially
Women and Children is one of the three protocols that were adopted by the United Nations during
the Palermo Convention as a supplement to the 2000 Convention against Transnational Organized
Crime. This protocol has been an important aspect towards putting up a fight against child
trafficking which had been rampant before the adoption of the protocol.
References
Big rise in human trafficking cases in Scotland. February 26, 2018.
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-43191461 (accessed February 27, 2018).
Ezeilo, Joy N. Achievements of the Trafficking Protocol: Perspectives from the former UN
Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons. n.d.
http://www.antitraffickingreview.org/index.php/atrjournal/article/view/94/114 (accessed
February 27, 2017).
Kidane, Won. “Introduction: Understanding Human Trafficking and its Victims.” Seattle Journal
for Social Justice, 2011: 536-548.
labor, Alien. Collection of International Instruments and Legal Texts Concerning Refugees and
Others of Concern to UNHCR.: International instruments : international humanitarian
law, international criminal law, international maritime and aviation law, miscellaneous.
Herndon: United Nations Publications, 2007.
Obokata, Tom. Trafficking of Human Beings from a Human Rights Perspective: Towards a More
Holistic Approach. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2006.
Trafficking in Persons Report 2015 . 2015.
https://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2015/243363.htm (accessed February 27, 2017).
Child Trafficking
Introduction
I.
II.
Child trafficking is the modern day slavery and it involves the recruitment and movement
of children.
A. Children undergo exploitation where they are forced to work.
B. Sometimes, the traffickers lure children with promises of giving them good education
while other times they threaten the families of these children.
Legally, a child cannot consent to trafficking. Their decisions are made by their parents.
A. Families are involved in child trafficking at times where they give their children out
consciously so that they may go and earn.
Body
I.
Child trafficking is a widespread practice and has been prominent in unstable countries,
where children are trafficked to the stable countries.
A. Some of the worst offenders include China, Russia, Uzbekistan, North Korea, Sudan,
Zimbabwe, Iran, and Cuba
1. A rise in child trafficking has been reported Scotland.
II.
Child trafficking is done for a number of reasons
A. Children are trafficked and sold for sexual exploitation.
B. Some companies smuggle in children through agencies so that they may have a
source of cheap labor in their industries.
C. Children are also trafficked so that they may be used for criminal activity such as
transporting drugs, pickpocketing in cities, and begging in the streets.
D. In addition, children are also trafficked to take part in forced marriages.
III.
With the adoption of the protocol in 2000, cases of child trafficking have dropped as
compared to before.
A. African countries, which were notorious for child trafficking, have criminalized child
trafficking.
B. The role the protocol has played has seen religious leaders come together to combat
the act of human trafficking, with emphasis on children.
C. Representatives from different denominations including Catholic, Anglican,
Buddhist, Orthodox, Jewish, Hindu, and Islam came together in 2014 and signed a
declaration that pledged to continue fighting this modern day slavery.
D. There has been emergence of regulatory models that seek to govern the internal and
cross-border labor recruitment.
1. These models touch on both labor and criminal law.
Conclusion
International Law
Research Paper
Your assignment is to research and analyze an international law created in response to
an international issue. The purpose of the paper is to evaluate the issue area
surrounding the law, and the behavior(s) of states in order to evaluate the effectiveness
of the international law you have chosen.
A. Requirements
Write a 12-14 page, double-spaced, 1” margin, typed paper, add page numbers and
include a cover page (not included in the page count).
B. Sources
Include a Reference/Bibliography page and cite at least 5 different sources.
You may use scholarly journals, books, government documents and web sites
(including at least one book and one journal) for your sources. Encyclopedias
including internet encyclopedias (wikipedia, answers.com, etc.) are not scholarly
sources and should not be used as references for your paper. Plagiarism and
cheating will not be tolerated. All cases of plagiarism and cheating will result in
disciplinary action, including an F for the assignment and possibly the class.
C. Grading
The paper will be graded on
Content (Focus, Organization, Coherence, Support, Logic and Analysis),
Research Sufficiency, and
Style (Format, Punctuation, Grammar and Citations).
All citations and bibliographies should be properly formatted using the Chicago
Citation style, and use parenthetical notation for in-text citations rather than
footnotes: (Author(s) Last Name, Year, pg. #).
** Keep your writing formal. Do not use contractions and slang. Avoid the use of
colloquial terms such as “get” or “got”, “a lot”, “huge,” and “things.” A thesaurus
can be a useful tool, but only when used correctly.
Final Paper:
Your paper must contain four parts with greatest emphasis on Part 3 and 4:
1. Briefly introduce the international law (2-3 pages).
a. Describe the law (is it soft or hard law, is it a treaty, case or institution, etc.)
b. Describe its purpose and how it functions.
2. Discuss the historical context for the law, include an introduction of the main states
involved in its creation and an overview of why the law was created (what
collective problem was the law designed to overcome). (3-4 pages)
3. Analyze the law’ s effectiveness. You must discuss “consent” and select at least
three additional variables of effectiveness we have discussed in class, and then
analyze the ability of the law to be effective based on these criteria. Your analysis
should be based on your sources and your own perspective. (4-5 pages)
Discuss questions such as:
a. Can the law effectively guide or constrain the behavior of states (or
institutions or individuals)?
b. Was the law correctly designed to address the collective problem? Why or
why not?
c. Are there characteristics of the current international system and states that
strengthen or weaken the law’s effectiveness?
4. Finally, compare and contrast your case to at least two other cases we covered in
class in order to answer the questions: What would be necessary to increase the
effectiveness of international law? Why? (4-5 pages)
As part of your answer, consider the following questions:
a. Why and how should states follow international law?
b. What influences the effectiveness of international law?
Use examples from lectures, readings, and the treaty simulation to substantiate your
answer.

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