CSSH205 Ryerson Public Administration affects Aboriginal Governance Essay

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Need to describe how public administration affects the life of an Aboriginal person in Canada. I want to specialize in the housing crisis and how it affects First Nation communities. Which organization is involved with the facilitation of housing programs

CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
CURRENT FIRST NATION HOUSING CRISIS
Kevin Gauthier
500937662
Athena Bedassigae Pheasant
Public Policy and Administration
Ryerson University
Toronto Ontario
December 14th, 2018
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CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
Historically, First Nation communities have experienced many adverse challenges living
on reserves such as housing shortages. These issues are still very prominent today and will take
several generations if not a lifetime to solve. How will government strategies address the First
Nation housing shortfalls? As we all know, First Nations are facing housing crisis across Canada
and lack the resources to sustain the current and future housing demands. In this essay I will
discuss challenges, barriers and steps to relieve immediate pressure, especially in remote First
Nations communities. These issues are based on the fast growing First Nation population, lack
of funding and understanding of housing policies and the existing backlog just to name a few.
“There is no one solution to the housing crisis” (McCartney, 2018)
In the last 20 years Aboriginal growth rate has increased more than four-times faster than
the rest of the population. “Indigenous population in 2006 was 1,673,785” (Stats Can),
representing 4.9% of Canadians. In the next two decades, it is predicted that the indigenous
population is likely to exceed 2.5 million people. A few factors contribute to the growing
Aboriginal population such as; high fertility rates, increased life expectancy and the tendency of
people identifying themselves as Aboriginal. “From 2006 to 2016 youth aged between 15 to 34
increased by 39%, compared to non-Indigenous at just over 6%. While the Indigenous
population is young, it is also growing. In 2006, 4.8% of the population was 65 or older, in
2016 has risen to 7.3%.” (Stats Can) As we can see from the above statement and facts, the
anticipated Aboriginal population increase will definitely add more burden on the existing
housing crisis, therefore Government should anticipate this growth by implementing immediate
alternative solutions.
Furthermore, there seems to be many existing obstacles for First Nation communities
accessing housing programs and funding. In the past, the government has tried to established
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CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
programs based on municipal or corporate policies. The issues we currently see in most First
Nations today, especially for northern communities, are dealing with third-party, have increased
debt burden with difficulty obtaining proper funding programs, remote communities lack of
resources such as (human, financial and material), and poor representation of accurate data.
Based on the above barriers, we know that makeshift programs and integrating First Nations to
current housing programs is not the solution. The approaches should emphasis on several key
components that will support and educate all accessible financing options. Information transfer
by creating partnerships from other sources such as the private sector, academic establishments
and professional associations to assist Housing departments to make informed choices. Develop
strategies to create ongoing employment and opportunities within the communities to give a
sense of ownership, culture, community feedback and to promote a higher quality of life.
In General, houses built on the reserve have an average life span of 20 years and most are
in need of major repair due to weather conditions, cheap construction, overcrowding, high
energy costs, and absence of adequate revenue or expertise to take on on-going upkeep. “One
quarter of Indigenous people live in dwellings that need major repair and close to one fifth live
in crowded housing.” (Stats Can) In a 2005 study an estimated back log of 80,000 units were
required on First Nation communities. “AANDC estimates that between 2010-2031 a need for
130,197 new units to accommodate household and family growth, 11,855 replacement units to
accommodate the deteriorated stock, and the major renovation of between 8,261 and
10,861units.” (AFN, 2013) “In Manitoba it costs approximately $105,000 to build a house in the
south and $155,000 to build the same house in the north. In Ontario it is estimated that it costs
30% more to build a house in the north compared to the south.” (AFN, 2013) With this said, it is
obvious that housing backlog will be an ongoing issue for many years to come. The waiting list
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CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
is already very high at “95%” (AFN, 2013) Almost one third have to wait an average timeframe
of up to 6 years.
In conclusion, even with a proposed budget of $600 million recently approve by the
government for 2017 and 2018 as part of an action plan on First Nations. It is safe to assume
that insufficient and deplorable housing conditions are a persistent and is a growing singularity.
As we currently stand, government housing plans do not and will not conquer the supply and
demand to meet the cumulative request of new housing units in First Nation communities. The
facts are like simple math as we are already anticipating a backlog of 130,000 units by 2030
which almost half will need major repair and almost a quarter of those have to be replace.
Federal Programs are not adequate and have been unsuccessful in the past to reducing the current
backlog without taking into account the growing population which is only the tip of the iceberg
and this has become a national issue.
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CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. (2014). The Community WellBeing Index: Summary of Trends In First Nation Communities, 1981-2011. Retrieved
from URL https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1345831790207/1345831913077
Assembly of First Nation. FACT SHEET – FIRST NATIONS HOUSING ON-RESERVE.
(June, 2013) Retrieved from URL http://www.afn.ca/uploads/files/housing/factsheethousing.pdf
Assembly of First Nation. (2013). National First Nations Housing Strategy. Retrieved from
URL https://www.afn.ca/uploads/files/housing/afn_national_housing_strategy.pdf
Indigenous Services Canada. (2018, December 4). Learn how Indigenous Services Canada
helps First Nations provide sustainable housing on reserve. Retrieved from URL
https://www.sac-isc.gc.ca/eng/1100100010715/1521125087940
Statistics Canada. (2015, November 30). Growth rate of population is much higher for
Aboriginal peoples. Retrieved from URL https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-645x/2010001/growth-pop-croissance-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. (2015, November 30). National Household Survey, On-reserve First Nations
people and Inuit most likely to live in crowded homes and homes requiring major repairs.
Retrieved from URL https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-656-x/89-656-x2015001eng.htm
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CSSH205 Academic Writing and Research
Kevin Gauthier 500937662 Due date December 14th 2018
Statistic Canada. (2017, March 28). Aboriginal people more likely to live in houses requiring
major repairs. Retrieved from URL https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-645x/2010001/housing-logement-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. (2018, March). First Nation People, Metis and Inuit in Canada: Diverse and
Growing Population. Catalogue no. 89-659-x2018001 ISBN 978-0-660-25446-3.
Retrieved from URL www.statcan.gc.ca
Ryerson University’s Together Design Lab and Nishnawbe Aski Nation launch collaborative
housing partnership. (2018, September 19). Retrieved from URL
https://www.ryerson.ca/media/releases/2018/09/TDL-NAN-housing-partnership/
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