Declaration Of Human Rights Terrorism And Civil Liberties Response Help

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write a reflection based on the reading provided in the folder attached

United Nations Universal Declaration of
Human Rights 1948
United Nations (UN)
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Contents
Contents
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
1
United Nations
Note . . .
Preamble .
Article 1 . .
Article 2 . .
Article 3 . .
Article 4 . .
Article 5 . .
Article 6 . .
Article 7 . .
Article 8 . .
Article 9 . .
Article 10 .
Article 11 .
Article 12 .
Article 13 .
Article 14 .
Article 15 .
Article 16 .
Article 17 .
Article 18 .
Article 19 .
Article 20 .
Article 21 .
Article 22 .
Article 23 .
Article 24 .
Article 25 .
Article 26 .
Article 27 .
Article 28 .
Article 29 .
Article 30 .
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iii
United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
1
United Nations
2
Note
Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December
1948
On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the full text of which appears in
the following pages. Following this historic act the Assembly called upon all Member
countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and “to cause it to be disseminated,
displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions,
without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories.
Preamble
3
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of
all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the
world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts
which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which
human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and
want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people.
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort,
to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by
the rule of law,
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith
in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the
equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and
better standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the
United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights
and fundamental freedoms,
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,
Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect
for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international,
to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the
peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their
jurisdiction.
Article 1
12
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed
with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 2
14
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other
opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status
of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust,
non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
Article 3
15
16
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
17
Article 4
18
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
Article 5
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No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment.
Article 6
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Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
Article 7
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All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation
of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Article 8
26
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for
acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
Article 9
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No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
29
Article 10
30
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and
impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal
charge against him.
Article 11
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1. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until
proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees
necessary for his defence.
2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission
which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time
when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was
applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
Article 12
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No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or
correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the
right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Article 13
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1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of
each state.
2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his
country.
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
Article 14
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1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from
non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United
Nations.
Article 15
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1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.
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2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change
his nationality.
Article 16
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1. Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion,
have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to
marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending
spouses.
3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to
protection by society and the State.
Article 17
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1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
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Article 18
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Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes
freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with
others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice,
worship and observance.
Article 19
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Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom
to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and
ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
Article 20
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1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
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2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
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Article 21
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1. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or
through freely chosen representatives.
2. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
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3. The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall
be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal
suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Article 22
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Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to
realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance
with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural
rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
Article 23
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1. Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable
conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
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3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring
for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if
necessary, by other means of social protection.
4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his
interests.
Article 24
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Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working
hours and periodic holidays with pay.
Article 25
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1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care
and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment,
sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances
beyond his control.
2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children,
whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
Article 26
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1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical
and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education
shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and
to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall
promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious
groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of
peace.
3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their
children.
Article 27
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1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to
enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting
from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Article 28
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Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms
set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
Article 29
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1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development
of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such
limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition
and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements
of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
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United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes
and principles of the United Nations.
Article 30
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Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person
any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any
of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.
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What to include:
(1) Identify the main argument (thesis) in the assigned reading in your own words, in
no more than two sentences.
• Label this ‘Thesis’ and place near the top of the page.
• Do your best to try to identify and summarize the main argument as clearly
and concisely as you can. This is a skill that takes time to develop, but it will
become easier with practice. Although I want you to put the argument into
your own words (rather than quote from the text), you might also reference
specific page number(s) where you think the argument is made most directly.
(2) Craft 2-3 discussion questions based on the reading.
• The questions can be on any aspect of the reading. For example, you could
pose questions about parts that are unclear or that seem contradictory; or
about passages that struck you as particularly interesting or compelling; or
about ideas or other pieces that connect with events currently in the news,
earlier course readings, or class discussions.
• Learning how to ask good questions is a skill that you will develop further as
the semester progresses.
(3) Write a reflection on the reading.
• The reflection can be on any aspect of the reading. This is not an essay and
thus does not need to have a clear argument, be well-organized, or be written
in formal prose. It can be messy, circuitous, full of fits and starts – what
matters is that it thoughtfully engages with the reading.
The point of the reflection is really to get you thinking in a deeper way about the reading
and about your own response to it. Thus, you might write about your reactions to the piece:
did it resonate or conflict with some of your own deeply held assumptions about how the
world works or beliefs about what is right and just? If so, can you identify and name the
author(s) assumptions or commitments? Or, you might try to answer one of the questions
you pose, or elaborate further on it: why you thought it an important question to ask, what
answering it might help us to better understand, etc. Whatever you choose to write about in
the reflections, you are above all encouraged to “write to learn”—to use the reflections as a
space to pose questions, experiment, pursue odd thoughts, make connections, and through
the process come to see the reading and the issues in a different light.

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