Finish the questions

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There are 43 pages in total,阅读所有段落并完成问题 finish it as soon as possible there are not much problems in here actually even it seems there is lots of stuff to do, I think it is just all reading and finish the ques

6 Civics–STUDY GUIDE
GUIDELINES FOR SUCCESS 2 Iriana
Your program of study begins on the following page. Start right now to apply yourself to the important task of
completing your program of study within the time limits allowed. We suggest that you set aside at least one
hour a day, for each subject in which you are enrolled, to work on your study materials. Begin now! Do not
wait until the last minute and turn in incomplete and sloppy work. Make the best of this opportunity to gain new
knowledge and improve yourself and your circumstances.
Remember to:
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• Follow ALL directions.
Set time aside EACH day to work on your materials.
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Complete ALL assignments. We
Make your work NEAT and LEGIBLE.
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• Mail your completed work ON or BEFORE your Due Date.
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Mail your completed work and Cover Sheet in the RETURN ENVELOPE provided.
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Follow the MAILING INSTRUCTIONS provided.
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• CALL: The Keystone School if you have questions or need help.
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Civics-STUDY GUIDE 5
Social Studies (Civics): Grades 9-1213 aiva
101 OY
STUDY GUIDE
DESCRIPTION
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In this Study Guide, you will find Brief synopses on Civic Life, The Constitution and its parts, The three parts of
Government, Graded Assignments, and Graded Assessments. Graded materials include vocabulary, essay writing,
matching, and assessments.
The study material in this program is designed to help you develop a better understanding of the Constitution
of the United States. The Constitution is the “supreme law of the land” and is the foundation that guides and
protects our free and democratic way of life. An understanding of the Constitution is essential if you are to
participate effectively as a responsible person in shaping the society in which you live.
Your program of study is divided into the following six parts:
• Part IV – State and Local Governments
• Part I – Civic Life
• Part
• Part II – Introduction to the Constitution
• Part V – Political Parties
Part III – The Amendments, the Bill of Rights
• Part VI – Your Right to Vote
DIRECTIONS
Beginning with Chapter 1, “Early Exploration”, read each chapter in its entirety. After reading each chapter,
complete the assignments for that chapter. All questions and identification answers must be written in sentence form,
unless otherwise indicated. Once you have completed a chapter and its required assignments, move to the next and
continue until all work is completed. Along with your assignments for each chapter, there are two exams, one after
Chapter 9 and one after chapter 18. These are comprehensive and pull from the previous 9 chapters of study. Part 1,
after chapter 9 is material from chapters 1-9 and Part 2, after chapter 12 is material from chapters 9-18. All work
must be completed prior to mailing.
Follow all directions for all assignments. All answers must be handwritten in the space provided. Make sure your
work is neat, legible and in your own words. You may write your work in pen or pencil. Typewritten work will only be
accepted for research papers. Use extra paper when you feel the space provided is not enough. Be sure to label these
additions correctly to avoid confusion and delay.
Completed work must be postmarked and in the mail on or before your Due Date. You must return your original
materials. Do not send photocopies or duplicated study materials. If you create these, keep them for your own
reference. Do not fax or email your completed materials, these will not be accepted.
✓ Do Not Leave Any Questions Unanswered. ALL Work Must Be Completed.
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Civics-STUDY GUIDE 7
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OBJECTIVES
The material in this program of study is designed to provide you with an understanding of
the Constitution of the United States. While nearly all countries of the world have constitutions,
not all have constitutional governments. A constitutional government is one in which a
constitution clearly places recognized and widely accepted limits on the powers of the people
who govern. Constitutional government is one of limited government and rule of law. The
United States, Canada and Great Britain have constitutional forms of government where the rule
of law applies. Many countries, such as Communist China, also have constitutions, but they do
not have constitutional governments. Governments in these countries are not limited by their
constitutions.
After reading the required text and completing the exercises found in the Study Guide, you will
be able to:
29 define key terms related to the Constitution and the establishment of the three branches of
government
name and describe the three branches of government established in the Constitution
? identify events leading up to the adoption of the Constitution
22 list differences between the U.S. government and governments in other countries
name duties of the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches of government
29 identify characteristic traits of both houses of Congress
28 name steps involved in a bill becoming a law
22 list powers of Congress, as defined in the Constitution
za recognize the jurisdiction of the judicial courts
28 state the purpose and importance of Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
is recognize rights protected by the Bill of Rights
280 interpret meanings of the Constitutional Amendments
23 identify the powers of the federal, state, and local governments and how they work
together
la recognize the purpose and function of political parties.
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8
Civics-STUDY GUIDE
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PART 1: CIVIC LIFE
Your civic life is your interaction with and your concerns for your community and government affairs, it is y
public life. It is important that you understand there are competing ideas between your civic and private lives
just as there are in politics and government.
Citizenship means that you are recognized as a legal member of a sovereign state and you have certain rights,
duties, and privileges. Duties and responsibilities are either compulsory (you must obey) or voluntary (it is
choice).
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VOLUNTARY
COMPULSORY
1. Obeying Laws
2. Paying Taxes
3. Jury Duty
4. Serve as a Witness
5. Register for the Draft (males 18 years of age)
1. Voting
2. Tolerance
3. Community Participation
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Politics
What exactly is politics? Politics is associated with the governing of a country or an area. This includes
influencing and guiding government policies, and winning or gaining control over government as in our
elections.
Politics is an event that occurs when people gather together. It seems almost instinctive. Think about it.
Whenever you see a group of people gather for whatever reason, there is always some kind of spoken or
unspoken set of rules that keeps the group in some kind of order. Why? Because among civilized people, order
is more preferred than chaos. Politics enables people to accomplish goals they could not realize as individuals,
and politics necessarily arises whenever groups of people live together, since they must always reach
cooperative decisions of one kind or another.
Government
A government is an organization of people, laws, and officials that make decisions about and control the society
in which you reside. Governments are either limited or unlimited.
Government can further be defined as the recognized establishments within a social order that have the
authority to formulate and execute necessary judgments about such matters as the distribution of resources,
allocation of benefits and obligation, and the management of conflicts. Restating this, government is the body of
people who design, delegate, and deliver the decisions about who gets what, who has to pay for it, and referee
when everyone begins to cry “foul”!
We can summarize our definition of government as institutions and officials which enact laws and
execute and enforce public programs. Below is a list of forms of governments. Some should be familiar to you,
others may make you scratch your head with wonder.
Aristocracy: a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a
state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy
Autocracy: government by a single person having unlimited power; despotism (domination through
threat of punishment and violence)
Bureaucracy: administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with non-
elected officials
Democracy: government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
Gynecocracy: government by women
Kakistocracy: government by the least qualified or most unprincipled citizens.
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Civics-STUDY GUIDE 9
Kleptocracy: a government characterized by rampant greed and corruption Wwlto oni s T
Meritocracy: a group of leaders or officeholders selected on the basis of individual ability or ton bluore
achievement
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Monarchy: a government in which power is vested in a king, queen, emperor or empress who can pass
power on to his heirs.
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Monocracy: government or rule by a single person; autocracy
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Oligarchy: a government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power
Plantocracy: a ruling class formed of plantation owners, leadership or government by this class of people
Plutocracy: a government or state in which the wealthy rule.
Stratocracy: government by the armed forces
Technocracy: a government or social system controlled by technicians, especially scientists and
technical experts
Theocracy: a government ruled by or subject to religious authority
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These sixteen forms of governments listed above can be classified into two simple groups. They are either
limited governments or unlimited governments.
A limited government is a constitutional government. A constitutional government makes sure that leaders of
government do not misuse the powers they have been given. It insists that all people, including people in
authority such as the president and members of the congress, obey the laws. It also has effective controls over
the power of people in authority, and protects the rights of individuals.
An unlimited government is a non-constitutional government where the power belongs to one person or a very
small
group. An unlimited government is also referred to as authoritarian and totalitarian governments. People
who live under an authoritarian system do not have an effective way to restrain the power of the rulers.
Totalitarian governments regulate every part of the lives of individuals. Moreover, an unlimited government is a
non-constitutional government. It does not have effective controls over the power of its rulers, and those in
authority cannot be easily removed from office by peaceful and legal means.
The Rule of Law
The “Rule of Law” is an ideology of a limited government. Before we explore The Rule of Law, we first must make
sure we know what “Law” is. Law, as it is defined by the Merriam Webster’s online dictionary, is “a rule of conduct or
action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority.” This “controlling authority”
can range
from your Mom or Dad who establish rules and guidelines for how you must abide while “living under their
roof” to the Constitution of the United States that is the authority for all American legal behavior.
Occasionally you’ll hear the term, “Rule of Law,” mentioned in editorials, or in a commentary delivered by legal or
political spokespersons or news anchor broadcasters. You may have already heard it said of America, “Ours is a nation of
laws. We are ruled by laws, not men.” What does this mean? Throughout the known world well before America was
encountered by European explorers, men and women were ruled by kings, emperors, and noblemen (a term whose
meaning here does not necessarily imply such as “noble men”) who claimed the right to rule. Such rulers could and did
change laws whenever they felt it most suited their every whim or desire. This was considered intolerable by our founding
fathers who envisioned a nation established on rules of appropriately enacted laws not vain edicts of egotistical tyrants.

Humankind had lived under the rule of one form of a king or another for thousands of years. But on an historic day in
Philadelphia, judicious, courageous men gathered on the “Fourth of July, 1776”: to inaugurate a new form of government
whereby people would rule themselves under law.
America was born, and The Rule of Law was made its supreme maxim. America was not born without imperfections. It’s
earliest leadership was not mistake free. Its initial laws were not without prejudice that we today consider most
intolerable. Yet America was born, and there appeared upon the face of this world a new hope; a hope for peace to come,
a hope for the day when right will conquer might, and when truth will overcome deceit.
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