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Should the One Child Policy be enforced?
Introduction
I was just going through some my Twitter tweets when I came across a symbol logo of
Child allocation Bureau. One Child –One Earth. The logo struck me and I gained interest in
knowing more about the logo, just to discover it was from a movie “What Happened to
Monday.” In the year 2043, The movie covers the thrilling turn of events of identical septuplets
who must evade the harsh Child Bureau agent as the sibling investigate and search for one of
their own who had earlier disappeared. In statistics given in the movie, the word has doubled its
population over the last fifty years, tripled amount of food and water used, quadrupled fossil fuel
used, and an extra one million children added to the world after every four days. To cater to the
exploding population the One child policy was policy enacted by the Child Allocation Bureau to
cope with the blasting overpopulation witnessed all over the world. The citizens are then
restricted to one child per family and if more than one was born to the same mother, the rest
other than the firstborns were put into cryosleep.
The policy of one-child policy had also been initiated in China in the year 1970-1980 by
the Chinese government to restrict the family units to one child each. This was in the attempt to
control the enormous growing Chinese population. In improvising this the government under the
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leadership of the Chinese president Deng Xiaoping included campaigns of countrywide use of
contraceptives and preferential employment to only those who complied with the policy. For
those who dishonored the policy economic sanctions were applied with the worst going into
forced abortions and sterilization to women. The Once Child Policy leads to the argumentive
essay of debate as to whether the policy is appropriate in controlling world population or a brutal
horror policy.
Importance of the topic
Today, the world clocks over 7.6 billion people. China alone has 1.4 billion residents.
India, on the other hand, has a population of 1.3 billion people and expected to rise further to
become the most populated nation by 2030. More than other ten countries in the world has a
population exceeding 100 million. Every day the figures continue to rise with roughly 84 million
people being added to the planet yearly. According to the United Nations, the figures are
projected to rise up to 9.8 billion people by the year 2050 and surpassing 11.2 billion individuals
by 2100. Immense growth will be experienced in urban zones and emerging mega population
experienced in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and in Latin American. A Social Biologist
Scientist(Edward Wilson) in Harvard University have come to show a world maximum capacity
of 9-10 billion people based on available resources. As Wilson depicts, the earth is limited to
food it can produce to sustain its habitats. The population is growing but resources remain
constricted. Assuming there were no animals left and all the people turned to be vegetarian, the
maximum food grown on the 3.5 billion acres of land planet Earth has cannot sustain more than
10 billion people. Leave alone sustainable freshwater availability, air, space, and other resources.
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When and where the topic is important and source of the information.
The topic of one child policy is much important now when the world is transiting into a
boom in population growth. Some of the major institution giving the information on world
population included United Nations Population Fund, Population Media Centers, Population
Reference Bureau, Word Watch Population Institute among others. According to the statistics
given by these institutions, the trend is alarming and an immediate action needs to be taken to
control the population. One of the proposed methods in controlling the population is the One
Child Policy which can aid greatly in controlling the population. Though the Rapid population
growth is experienced worldwide, the One Child Policy can be more effective if practiced in
countries topping the list of the population. Such countries include China, India, United States of
America, Indonesia, Brazil, and Pakistan Nigeria among other top countries. In fact, the policy
had once been applied in China starting from 1979 and but was dropped in 2013. The topic of the
essay is an argumentative essay on the enforcement of this policy which raised mixed of reaction
from various activists some opposing the policy while others upholding the policy in the role it
ought to play in controlling the population.
Importance of one-child policy.
Keeping in mind the spontaneous growth in population and reduction in available
resources, the world needs to put in place effective measures to suppress the coming havoc. One
child policy seems to be and has been proved to be an effective method in population control in
China which had been doomed with sporadic population growth.
The method has been proven to be fertile in controlling china’s population. China had
doubled its population from 540 million people in 1949 to 1.08 billion in 1982 shortly after the
policy had been enforced. After the provision, the country experienced a drastic decline in the
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countries’ fertility rate. The policy prevented more than 400 million births to add on already
existing immense population the policy was fair enough not to impose implication in case of
multiple births of twins or triplets. Having able to control the population, nations can start
enjoying economic growth. With reduced populations means an increased GDP.
The policy also helps in bringing social equality and more so the development of
women’s rights.in most traditional cultures, the birth of a male child was by far more favored
than the birth of girl child. The male was also seen as the heir of family properties leaving
nothing to the girl child. The One Child policy brings balanced gender equality. With the policy,
if a family gets a daughter they ought to settle with that and there will be no preference of having
a male child. The girl child will hence get all the prevalence that would be otherwise destined for
the male child. With this, there will be justice to the girl child since many are the cases families
invested heavily in boys leaving girls with no proper education and care.
Another advantage with the One Child Policy is that the child born in the family is a
better position to receive a better affordable life. All the attention, love, resources fall upon this
child and will have all the toys. The parent will have no constriction in raising the child and in
turn, will receive a better education, health services and best of other services. Children who also
grow up with the One Child Policy will have a greater advantage of finding jobs since there will
be a controlled number of people in the country.
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Cons of One Child policy
The One Child policy is of the worst form of violations of human rights. Planning of the
family size is a basic human right and falls entirely on the family’s decision. It is unthinkable of
an external party indicating the number of children one should have. The policy can also be seen
to reduce skill s and innovativeness. In a family where the child is the only child, the child will
appear to relax his minds since he or she will is seen to get all he requires. The child is solely
catered for and given more than he requires. Cases of sedentary lifestyle diseases such as obesity
can also be accepted to rise
In China, the enforcement of the law produced distressing consequences beyond
population growth. The family planning team used to cause horror moment to the subsequent
pregnant women. They were forced to abort their pregnancies while others forced to kill their
children and discarding them into plastic bags. It was so harsh that women forced to escape their
homes in fear of ligation .In tradition obsessed with male children, the birth of a girl child was
highly undesirable. The notorious policy resulted in increased female fetuses abortions or when
the baby was born they ended up in an orphanage or being adapted to other countries. Over time
the gap between male and females continued to widen and the country’s overall sex ratio
continued skewing toward the male. The country became predominant more males than females
with 3-4% more males. Consequently, the population became dominated with the elderly
nonproductive population with fewer children to support the aging population. Another case in
birth subsequent to firstborns ended up unrecorded and hidden from the authority, these children
got denied chances of educations and employment since they lacked documentation.
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Conclusion
In my opinion, the One Child Policy should be employed in scavenging overpopulation.
An increase in the world’s population comes with it dreadful implications such as depletion of
natural resources, accelerated loss of habitats, climate change and issues of global warming, the
rise of unemployment and crime rates among other factors. The rate the world population is
alarming and effective measures need to be fixed into place. The One Child Policy proves to be
one of the most effective measures of population control. As brutal as it may sound this will
remain to be the last option the word will opt to in controlling its wild population. It is the
painful policy that each and every nation should enact for the betterment of the unseen future.
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Works Cited
Feng, Wang, Yong Cai, and Baochang Gu. “Population, policy, and politics: How will history
judge China’s one‐child policy?” PoPulation and develoPment review 38 (2013): 115129.
Li, Hongbin, Junjian Yi, and Junsen Zhang. “Estimating the effect of the one-child policy on the
sex ratio imbalance in China: identification based on the difference-indifferences.” Demography 48.4 (2011): 1535-1557.
Lutz, Wolfgang, William P. Butz, and KC ed Samir, eds. World Population & Human Capital in
the Twenty-First Century: An Overview. Oxford University Press, 2017.
Nations, United. “World population prospects: The 2015 revision.” United Nations Econ Soc
Aff 33.2 (2015): 1-66.
Wilson, Edward O. “Biophilia and the conservation ethic.” Evolutionary perspectives on
environmental problems. Routledge, 2017. 263-272.

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