Outsourcing Merits The Risks And Benefits Essay Help


Topic: Is outsourcing good or bad?

Write an essay supporting outsourcing as good.

The requirements of the essay are attached, named as spring.pptx. Follow it properly and strictly. You may use the reference essay attached, named as essay2example (1).docx to understand the requirements of the essay too.

Draper 1
Allison Draper
Alex Kurian
ENG 1302
3 May 2015
For Nursing Homes
Does every single elder person need to go into assisted living after a certain point in his
or her life? Should one’s family have a say in whether or not one gets put into a nursing home? Is
the financial aspect the most important deciding factor for those considering nursing homes for
loved ones? These are questions that people are faced with when thinking about elderly people
getting put into nursing homes. Elderly people should be put in nursing homes because nursing
homes provide constant care, have a better social aspect and are cost effective.
Nursing homes in the United States have been around for many years. According to ‘The
Changing Structure of the Nursing Home Industry and the Impact of Ownership on Quality,
Cost, and Access’, “The nursing home sector has, however, been dominated by proprietary
providers for decades, and publicly held corporations owning and operating nursing homes have
been prevalent since the late 1960s.” According to the U.S. Census Bureau, “States with the
highest proportions of older people in their populations in 2013 included Florida, West Virginia,
Maine, and Pennsylvania (all above 15 percent).” In addition, “The West and South regions
experienced the fastest growth in their 65-plus and 85-plus populations between 2000 and 2013”
(U.S. Census Bureau).
**Cause/Effect As people age, they have a higher risk of becoming sick. The side effects
of diseases are innumerable, from memory loss to weakening of muscles to hallucinations. If an
elder has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s and has to deal with hallucinations, this could be
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incredibly dangerous to his or her safety. When in a nursing home, the nurses and volunteers are
able to give continuous care to the people living there. Whether someone needs help taking
medication, eating food or going to the restroom, there is always someone on duty ready to help.
According to ‘Nursing Homes’, “For those residents that need help with daily tasks, nursing
homes are great for this because they help immensely. These daily tasks include bathing,
dressing, eating, drinking, running errands, and much more.” Nurses are able to help the elderly
make a variety of choices that can ultimately help improve their health, even if only by a little.
At a nursing home, there are nurses and volunteers ready to help an elder 24 hours a day.
According to John W. Rowe and Robert L. Kahn, a person’s “…choices including changes in
diet, types of exercise, mental stimulation, self-efficacy, and dynamic connections can improve
one’s health, no matter what age.” Despite the fact that doctors may not be in the building all 24
hours of the day, the staff can keep a watchful eye over all the patients throughout the day and
night. The full time constant care that nursing homes provide give the families of the elder
patients a break from busy schedules. According to ‘Nursing Homes’, “Most of the time, family
becomes the caretaker for the elderly, but it is hard to take care of them when you have a life or
family to take care of as well. Nursing homes are a great way to getting them the care they
deserve with round the clock service.” The staff at the nursing homes have one responsibility
while on duty, and that is to continually care for the elder people there. They don’t have to worry
about personal responsibilities while on duty; they are fully committed to serving the patients in
the homes.
If a family member were to try and take care of the elder by himself or herself, then he or
she could have a difficult time constantly being there. This is because caring for an elder person
can require the work of a full time employee, not knowing exactly when the elder may need help
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and what he or she might need help with. According to ‘5 Benefits of Working in a Nursing
Home or Long-Term Care Facility’, “People who chose to go into geriatric care are often caring,
patient people. They like to help others, and really enjoy getting to know their patients.” Nursing
homes allow for the family to entrust that their aged family member is in the hands of licensed
professionals who provide unceasing care.
**Emotion To be around people who are in a similar stage of life as you is like living in a
dorm for college – everyone is there for the same overall purpose, but each person has his or her
personal reason for why he or she is there. Every person living in a nursing home is there for the
same overall reason – they need help because they are unable to live on their own. However, the
ultimate reason each person is there can be different. Some elders may have cancer, Parkinson’s,
arthritis or even osteoporosis, which makes them unable to do activities on their own. But in a
nursing home, each person living there is surrounded by other people who are in a similar stage
of life. Therefore, this gives them opportunities to socialize with other residents. “Maintaining an
active social life can help ward off the feelings of isolation and loneliness that can lead to
depression” (Elizabeth Meyer). The elderly are not always in their rooms; assisted living centers
have groups of children come and do performances and also have movie nights. According to
Seth Schiesel, “…even nursing-home residents have been drawn to the Wii’s simple games such
as tennis and bowling. This helps form a comradery between residents that forces them to
interact with one another…” Activities such as these allow the residents in the nursing homes to
get together and participate in fun activities.
No matter what stage of life one may be in, it is in the person’s best interest to be able to
spend time with other people that are their same age and in a similar point in his or her life. For
example, if a toddler were never around other toddlers, only adults, that child would face
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consequences. The toddler would possibly face the risk of not developing social skills as well or
as fast as other toddlers or may face difficulty in understanding how to do simple tasks. “In
assisted living, residents can easily socialize with peers, not only in common areas but also
through planned, structured activities like field trips, dancing, and cultural events” (Joyce
McQueen). Organizations such as Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts occasionally visit nursing homes
and preform skits and sing songs as well as play games such as Bingo and cards with the elderly.
Opportunities for socialization are not only with the residents in the facility. According to Joyce
McQueen, “Many facilities even offer guest lectures from visiting scholars and professionals.
Those communities located on or near a college usually enable residents to take advantage of the
nearby campus resources, including courses and cultural events.” When an elder person who is
sick is taken care of by a family member at home, he or she can feel a sense of loneliness or
become depressed as opportunities for interaction with others may be limited.
At a nursing home, a sick senior person is able to come in contact with others who are
also of an older age and are also sick. A situation such as this gives every person involved a
sense of community. These feelings of bonding with others and feeling like they are in a place
where they belong help his or her personal psyche. According to Elizabeth Meyer, “Loneliness
can easily take its toll on individuals of every age, but there’s greater concern for older adults as
routines and independence changes. Socialization can have a positive effect where isolation is
concerned by helping seniors feel loved and needed.” If a person were to live in a hospital or
have a caregiver at home, it would take a lot more effort to meet up with other elder people.
Nursing homes allow the seniors to spend time with other seniors easily without having to move
to a new location.
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**Comparison/Contrast While some elderly live in assisted living homes, others live in
the care areas of hospitals. Some elderly people even have in-home registered nurse assistance.
Assisted living homes can make the elderly feel like they are at home more than a specific care
area of the hospital can. According to CBS News, “It costs up to $10,000 a day to maintain
someone in certain units of the hospital depending on their personal needs.” If there was an elder
person who had more than one disease, the price could reach extremely high numbers for the
family to pay very fast. According to Guide to Nursing Homes, “As far as in-home registered
nurse assistance goes, it can be anywhere from $50-$100 per hour.” While an in-home registered
nurse may be the best fit for some sick elder people, generally overall for most elder people,
nursing homes are the most cost efficient option. “On average per year, hospital units can cost up
to $650,000 and in-home registered nurse assistance can cost anywhere from $127,750 to
$255,500 a year for a 7 hour workday” (Guide to Nursing Homes). According to Guide to
Nursing Homes, “Nursing homes average $76,000 per year.” $76,000 is not cheap, but it is still
cheaper than the other two options.
As the economy continues to worsen and large payments become more of a burden for
families, cost effectiveness is something people are beginning to, or should be paying more
attention to. According to Pamela Yip, a writer for the Dallas Morning News, “Medicare does
cover some home health care [a caregiver], but those services are intended mainly for patients
recovering from illnesses or injuries. The federal health care program just is not set up to meet
the long-term day-to-day needs of the chronically ill.” The government program Medicare,
which is usually only given to people ages 65 and older, does not offer enough support for most
families to be able to hire a caregiver for an elder person due to the high costs. Even if it did,
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nursing homes provide more service for the amount of money that is being paid. As some
nursing homes may be more expensive than others, overall, they are more cost effective.
Those with a different point of view may argue that if an elder person lives at home, then
a family member can be readily available to help him or her with anything that he or she may
need. However, I would respond by saying that people tend to get busy and have many things to
worry about, so a family member may have other engagements, causing him or her to not always
be readily available. Proponents of the counter position may say that being in a large nursing
home surrounded by other elder sick people can create a feeling of unhappiness. However, I
would respond by saying that when sick elderly people are around other sick elderly people, that
environment actually brings them closer together, creating a friendship because they know they
are not alone in the situation. There are others who can empathize with them, and with whom
they can identify.
In order to improve an elder person’s experience in a nursing home, nursing homes
around the United States can take various steps. First, the inside of the nursing homes should be
made more attractive. For example, large pictures/paintings depicting beautiful scenery (such as
the countryside or a day on a lake) could essentially improve the overall mood of the elder living
there. Furthermore, pictures of the members’ family (e.g. children and grandchildren) or pictures
of the members doing something they enjoy, may help to focus on positive, rather than negative
thoughts. A professional interior decorator should be hired, so that appropriate color schemes
and themes could be chosen for the different rooms/hallways. Second, nursing homes should be
required by law to have specific activities for the elderly to participate in, especially outdoors
(weather permitting, of course). I would suggest group outings at least once a week. The outings
would be to a calm but vibrant place, like an arboretum or the zoo. This will give the elderly the
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chance to benefit from nature and not feel too confined in their living quarters. Another option
would be for the elders to go see movies in theatres. Surveys can be distributed to the residents,
to get an idea of what kind of activities/outings they would prefer. For any who are unable to
leave the facility (due to health reasons) or during the winter, a variety of activities should be
scheduled. These could include games like bingo, guest speakers, in-home movie nights,
scrapbooking, talent night, and so on. Hopefully, these suggestions will make their stay in
nursing homes more comfortable and enjoyable.
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Works Cited
‘5 Benefits of Working in a Nursing Home or Long-Term Care Facility.’ Harris School of
Business, n.d. https://www.harrisschool.edu/5-benefits-of-working-in-a-nursing-home-orlong-term-care-facility. Accessed 29 Apr. 2015.
‘65+ in the United States: 2013.’ US Census Bureau, May 2014,
https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2014/demo/p23212.pdf. Accessed 27 Apr. 2015.
Court, Andy. “The Cost of Dying.” CBSNews. 19 Nov. 2012,
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/the-cost-of-dying/CBS Interactive. Accessed 29 Apr.
Hawes, Catherine and Charles Phillips. ‘The Changing Structure of the Nursing Home Industry
and the Impact of Ownership on Quality, Cost, and Access.’ National Center for
Biotechnology Information, 1986, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK217907/.
Accessed 29 Apr.2015.
Loos, Rhonda, RN, and Amy Hackney Blackwell. “Nursing Homes.” The Gale Encyclopedia of
Nursing and Allied Health, edited by Jacqueline L. Longe, 4th ed., vol. 5, Gale, 2008, pp.
2525-2528. Health & Wellness Resource Center,
C&xid=24dc85ea. Accessed 25 Apr. 2015.
Margerie, Linda et al. Guide to Nursing Homes. Stockstill Publishing, 2014. 47, 78, 82.
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McQueen, Joyce. “What should we do with mother?” Vibrant Life, Jan.-Feb. 1993, p. 22+.
Health & Wellness Resource Center,
id=33efbb8d. Accessed 27 Apr. 2015.
Meyer, Elizabeth. ‘Why It’s Important That Seniors Have A Social Life.’ Walker Methodist, 24
Jan. 2010, http://blog.walkermethodist.org/blog/why-its-important-for-seniors-to-have-asocial-life. Accessed 27 Apr.2015.
Rowe, John W., and Robert Louis Kahn. Successful Aging. Pantheon, 2005. 13.
Schiesel, Seth. “O.K., Avatar, Work With Me.” New York Times, 15 May 2008, p. G1(L).
Opposing Viewpoints in Context,
txshracd2500&xid=1de3bdf5. Accessed 28 Apr. 2015.
Yip, Pamela. “In The Right Hands.” The Dallas Morning News 7 Jan. 2015, p.D01.
Parts of an Essay
 Title
 Introduction
 Body
 Conclusion
 Works
Guidelines for a Proper Title
 Purpose
of the title is identification
 Should indicate subject and position of
 Should not be more than 6 words
 Cliché/slang/humor allowed in title
 Cute/clever/funny title does not
necessarily indicate a proper title
Introductory Techniques
 Provide
background info
 Tell a relevant story
 State why your topic is important
 Relevant images or description
 Present an opposing viewpoint
 Relevant quotation(s)
 Relevant
 Relevant question(s) [not more than 3]
 Finding common ground with the
 Length of introduction – 1 paragraph,
¼ to ½ page (5-10 lines)
Body Paragraphs
 Where
you explain or prove your thesis
with evidence.
 Every
reason must have at least one
piece of evidence
Evidence – Basis of Your Argument
 Some
types of evidence – observations (real
or artificial), statistics, tests/experiments,
analogies, expert testimony, examples,
analyses, predictions, personal experience,
religious views, etc
 Note:
Statistics must be from 2014 onwards
years and contain sample size
Characteristics of Evidence
 Relevant
 Specific
 Adequate
 Accurate
 Representative
 Verifiable
Support Your Reasons (cont’d)
 Use
as many different types as possible (a
different one for each reason)
 Maintain proper perspective (e.g. movies,
 Distinguish between fact, opinion, and
false statement
 Beware of “the blame game”
 Is evidence local or universal?
Support Your Reasons (cont’d)
 Make
sure evidence is understandable
to audience
 Treat all issues as ‘sensitive issues’
(balance between arguing and
The Research Process
 Research
involves finding, evaluating,
using & documenting sources
 Most important consideration when
evaluating a source – who is the
author or manager or editor of the
Cite Sources…
 When
you quote an entire sentence
word for word
 When
you quote part of a sentence
word for word
 When
using your own language but
based on someone else’s idea
Indicating Sources in Paper
I. By
name of author
 According
to name of author, “72% of
people that….”
 “72%
of 300 people surveyed stated that….”
(name of author).
 Name
of author = first & last name or just last
name, NOT just first name.
Indicating Sources in Paper
II. By
name of source (e.g. book/article).
 According
to name of source, “72% of
people that….”
 “72%
of 300 people surveyed stated
that….” (name of source).
Formatting (MLA)
 3-4
pages of content (Works Cited page
does not count)
 Length
starts with first word of intro para (NOT
top of first page)

Make sure on each full page you have 23 lines
total; otherwise, you will have to make up those
lines on the last page to meet the minimum
length requirement.
Some Specifics Regarding Formal
➢ Avoid
clichés/slang and informal
➢ Avoid repetition/wordiness
➢ Have correct spelling & punctuation
➢ Use correct rules for capitalization,
abbreviations, and numbers
Requirements of Essay 2
 Must
write on second topic in your list
of assigned topics
 Have at least three reasons to justify
your position (but not more than five)
 Have a separate paragraph (between
the intro and body) to give some
history/background of the issue
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Body
– explain & defend reasons with
 In each reason, you must indicate one
strategy you have used in that reason
(indicated with ** and name of the
strategy at the beginning of the first
paragraph for each reason)
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Don’t
indicate the same strategy in
more than one reason
 Have a separate paragraph between
body and conclusion that contains
two counterarguments
 Concluding paragraph will be just the
solution (no summary!)
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Length:
6-8 pages (not counting Works
 Length
starts with first word of intro
para (NOT top of first page)
 Make
sure on each full page you have
23 lines total; otherwise, you will have to
make up those lines on the last page to
meet the minimum length requirement.
Outline of Essay 2
Intro (1 para, ¼ – ½ page or 5-10 lines): Any intro
technique(s) and thesis
 History/Background (1 para, ¼ – ½ page or 5-10
lines): Any two history/background techniques
 Body (multiple paras, ¼ – ¾ page each or 5-18
lines): Explain reasons with evidence
 Counterarguments (1 para, no more12 lines): Two
counterarguments and their responses
 Conclusion (1 para, ½ – ¾ page or 10-18 lines):
Solution (no summary)

Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 You
must have at least 2 print sources
in the essay (book, magazine,
newspaper, journal, catalog, etc)
 They must be accessed in the original
printed form (e-book, PDF, or anything
else accessed electronically does not
count as a print source)
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Recommended
course textbook does
not count as a print source
 At least 1of your 2 print sources must
be used in the body of your essay (the
other can also be used in the body or
in the introduction, background para,
counterarguments para or conclusion)
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Must
attach photocopy or picture of
each print source used (no credit for print
sources otherwise)
 Photocopy/picture must show the cover
along with the page/information you
actually used
 If the source is from a library, the picture
must also show the library barcode/sticker
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 You
must also have at least 4 online
sources in the essay.
 Three of these must be DCCCD
academic database sources.
 The fourth one can be a database
source or non-database source (as
long as it is reliable)
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 At
least 2 of your 3 online database
sources must be used in the body of
your essay (the other can also be used
in the body or in the introduction,
background para, counterarguments
para or conclusion)
 You do not need to submit pictures or
printouts of your online sources
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 Personal
experience – can be used in
only one reason, up to ½ page (10
 How much documented evidence –
one documented evidence for every
10 lines in your paragraph.
 Any numerical data must be from 2014
Requirements of Essay 2 (cont’d)
 For
the 6 required sources (2 print and 4
online), you must quote something from
them, not simply paraphrase.
 After
you have at least one quote from each
of the required sources, if you want to
paraphrase, you can.
 You
should have no more than two
paraphrases in the essay.
List of Strategies
 Opposites
or Contraries
 Comparison-Contrast*
 Cause-Effect*
 Induction/Deduction*
 Narration/Description*
 Process
List of Strategies (cont’d)
 Classification
 Emotion
 Definition
 Hypothetical
 *Counts as only one strategy
 Definition
of what is right and wrong
OR good or bad
Ethics in Everyday Life
 You
get extra change back at the grocery
 You
see somebody doing something wrong
 You
get a higher grade by mistake
 Plagiarism
 An
effective message isn’t necessarily an
ethical one – sales pitches or commercials
Use these steps
 Need
to give the audience proper
 Need to gain the audience’s support
 Need to do it in the right way
Ways in Which Unethical
Communication Takes Place
 Withholding
 Hiding conflicts of interest
 Exaggeration
 Fabricating data
 Trying to distract from the truth
 Stealing info
 Inaccurate info
Three Main Factors in Ethics
 Obligations
 Values
 Consequences
Anticipate Hard Choices
 Never
depend only on legal
considerations – what’s legal isn’t
always ethical (“You’re our #1 priority”
OR “This product will last for years”).
 Decide where and how to draw the
line – a choice YOU have to make
Humor – Medicine or Poison?
 Know
when to use – appropriate for
certain topics, not for others …who
 Don’t distract from the issue (too much
 Sarcasm – how much is too much?
 Responding
to the points made by the
opposing side
 Shows you have thought about the
issue from different viewpoints/ angles
before coming to your decision.
Counterarguments (cont’d)
 Also
shows you recognize “flaws” or
“weaknesses” in your own position but
that you still think your position is the
better one
 We cannot address all
counterarguments – must address only
How to Find Counterarguments
 Research
 “Flipping”
one of your own reasons
Format of Counterarguments
 Each
counterarguments has two parts
– stating the counterargument
– your response to it
 Must use the exact wording given for
both sections to get credit for it
Format of Counterarguments
 State
the counterargument:
– My opponents* may say/argue that….
 *[those on the other side, those who
disagree with me, proponents of the
counter position, those who are
for/against, those with a different point
of view]
Format of Counterarguments
 Respond
to the counterargument:
– However, I would respond by saying
 If you want to use outside sources in
counterarguments, you can, but it is
not required
Location & Length of
 Both
counterarguments will be in one
paragraph, between the body and
 This paragraph should not exceed 12
History/Background Para
 Purpose:
To provide some additional context
to your issue
 Should
include only 2 of the following
 How
long the issue has been in existence
(origins of the issue)
 What
parts of the world/country are most
affected by the issue
History/Background Para (cont’d)
 Any
significant rulings/laws related to the
issue (e.g. Roe v.Wade)
 Any
significant event(s) related to the issue
(e.g. 9/11)
 Dictionary/official
 Any
definitions of any key
significant person/people/groups
involved with the issue
History/Background Para
 Do
not repeat anything already
mentioned in intro
 Length: ¼ – ½ page (5-10 lines)
Proposing a Solution
Do not make an argument without
proposing a solution
 Anyone can complain/point out a problem!
 A solution shows you have thought deeply
and seriously about the issue
 II. Ask for a specific response
 Don’t be vague
 Don’t be unsure

Proposing a Solution (cont’d)
 III.
Know the particulars regarding your
 What
is it going to involve in terms of factors
such as time, money, effort, and image?
 What
are its benefits/risks?
Proposing a Solution (cont’d)
 IV.
Don’t ask for too much
 Be reasonable
 Don’t ask your audience to do something
you wouldn’t do
 V. Offer realistic solutions
 Keep audience and their limitations/ context
in mind
 Don’t offer “blanket” solutions
Proposing a Solution (cont’d)
 VI.
Don’t feel you always have to come up
with an original idea
 If
something has worked elsewhere, nothing
wrong in suggesting it
 Show
specific examples of how it has worked
in the past
 You
can also modify existing solutions
Proposing a Solution (cont’d)
 Solution
will be last paragraph of essay (10-18
 If
you want to use outside sources in solution
you can, but it is not required
 Don’t
have more than two solutions in this
Proposing a Solution (cont’d)
 To
sum up, make sure your solution is…
 Relevant
 Specific
 Logical
 Practical/realistic
 Ethical/moral

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