Touro College Los Angeles Bangladesh Case Analysis Assignment

Description

The attached topics to be included in the assignment as part of the case analysis

Running Head: ETHICS
1
Ethics
ETHICS
2
Bangladesh is one of the second largest readymade garments producer and supplier.
Bangladesh is a higher attractor of top companies and labels such as Hugo Boss, Wal-Mart, GAP
and Pierre Cardin. Most of these top labels are from North America Australia and in Europe.
Although the country has made remarkable improvements in the garment industry, like the
building of eco-friendly factories and meeting of the set stringent safety measures and standards,
the industrial workers in the country get pennies for their tireless work done. Moreover, workers
are also subjected to a harsh work environment. While this industry is thriving in every month in
the western countries, the workers in the industry are still struggling to survive on the low wages
which are barely above the poverty level (Yunus & Yamagata, 2012). The workers form the
backbone of the industry through the production of more than 28 billion dollars annual income for
the garment industry.
For the past decade the export shoot from nine-point billion dollars in 2007 to twenty-eight
point billion dollars in 2016. With the encouraging shift of the industrial growth, the country has
set a target of exportation in 2021 which will be of more than fifty billion dollars’ worth of
garments. With all these visions and future predictions, the Bangladesh apparel industry hasn’t
provided or mentioned anything to do with the key players of the industry. Being the backbone of
the industry it has been their efforts to make sure that the industry expands and hence they needed
to be considered in the setting of the 2021 vision (Mottaleb & Sonobe, 2011). The living condition,
as well as the working condition for the garment industry workers, remains to be poor. In more
than one hundred and sixty-six citizens of Bangladesh more than thirty-two percent are still living
below the poverty level of less than or two dollars in a day. The current wage for the apparel
industry workers in Bangladesh is 5,300 taka which represents about sixty-four dollars.
ETHICS
3
In April 2013 ran plaza clasped this was the home for more than five apparel industries in
the country. Even though the government had given a vacation notice resulting from the cracks in
the building, the factory managers persuaded their workers to get in the building and continue with
their day to day activities. The managers insisted that the plaza was safe. In other cases, most of
the workers who were hesitating to report to work were threatened of dismissal. Saver got an
effect of power cut and once the building generator was ignited the plaza started to shake resulting
in collapsing. With this tragedy, more than one thousand and a hundred people were resulted dead
and more than two thousand seriously injured. This was one of the biggest disasters which had
ever hit the county garment industry. Five months before the plaza collapse more than a hundred
and ten workers had been reported dead, and others who were in hundreds were said to be seriously
injured resulting from a fire outbreak at Tazreen Fashion factory in Bangladesh. This was the most
recent dangerous industrial fire in the garment industry leaving dozens wounded and killing
hundreds of workers (Manik, Yardley & DHAKA, 2013).
An interview done in the country that included workers from more than fourth four
companies that deal with the production of apparels, violation of workers’ rights was a problem
that was common in all the firms. The abuse of the workers right included practice by the firms
which were contrary to the national government set code of conduct and laws (Mostafa & Klepper,
2010). Among the violation in the countries, apparel industry included physical abuse and verbal
abuse, sexual harassment, delayed payment, child labor, forced overtime, women also reported to
be denied maternity leaves, provision of dirty water and restrictions to use toilets.
Bangladesh textile industry accounts for more than three-quarters of the country’s total
exports earning and a GDP of twenty percent, the industry is committed to becoming safe to her
workers and also to be globally competitive. Among the stakeholders in the sector includes the
ETHICS
4
IFC, the national government, and the local textile association. The IFC together with ILO has
launched better work, through this companies can comply with the energy and water efficiency
methods. The two brands are among the world leading fashion brands, and they support the
campaign to install fire and building safety conditions/measures in the countries industry who are
the critical apparel suppliers (Akhter, Salahuddin, AIqbal, Malek & Jahan, 2010).IFC has
collaborated with several partners to make sure that the countries apparel industry remains globally
competitive. With the collaboration with the Bangladesh national government, IFC and ILO have
promised to support the textile industry and ensure proper treatments of employees.
Having collected data from more than fourty four companies in the country, it can be more
comfortable for the stakeholders to address all the employee problems in the country with
evidence. Formulation of mistreatment of workers in their workplace can be well achieved by
having a list of misconducts that the workers are receiving from the company. The existing
frameworks were only company centered as visions and plans for 2021 has been set aside. With
the set vision and procedures, no company in the country has been identified addressing the
violation of workers’ rights or even addressing the living standards of its workers (Belal & Roberts,
2010). Hence the current available policies and code of conduct are company centered leaving
behind the rights and the voice of the workers who are the greatest contributor to the country’s
economic growth.
Assumptions such as the Rana Plaza was safe before it collapsed are among the leadership
problem facing the industry. As for the codes of conducts stakeholders in the apparel industry has
coped up with the company’s management assumptions that the workers are safe, their working
condition is right and that the workers receive their dues on time. This is contrary to the truth as
the workers receive both physical, verbal and psychological abuse (Andriof, Waddock, Husted &
ETHICS
5
Rahman, 2017). With the current stakeholders’ concern in the industry, the apparel industry in
Bangladesh will be back to her competitive edge globally. With the considerations of the workers’
condition, salary and rights the sector will be raked as the best in legal, ethical and compliance
status in the world.
Seeking cheap labor will only bring a bad reputation among the countries apparel
customers who are mostly external brands, this might seriously affect the economy of the country,
and hence there is need to look into the industry legal and ethical considerations. More changes
need to be incorporated in Bangladesh textile industry not to prevent more disasters such as the
house collapse or fire but to keep the country’s economy healthy and to grow. The Bangladesh
national government with collaboration with the human rights bodies in the country should bargain
for equitable and reasonable pay which is not delayed for the worker. Secondly, the government
should tighten the compliance laws for the companies (Sarker & Afroze, 2014). Also, the company
management should set an overall goal which is not self-centered but all round purposes. With all
these considerations the industry will be in a better position to compete as well as to remain ethical
to the customers and her employees.
ETHICS
6
References
Akhter, S., Salahuddin, A. F. M., Iqbal, M., Malek, A. B. M. A., & Jahan, N. (2010). Health and
occupational safety for female workforce of garment industries in Bangladesh. Journal of
Mechanical Engineering, 41(1), 65-70.
Andriof, J., Waddock, S., Husted, B., & Rahman, S. S. (2017). Unfolding stakeholder thinking 2:
Relationships, communication, reporting and performance. Routledge.
Belal, A. R., & Roberts, R. W. (2010). Stakeholders’ perceptions of corporate social reporting in
Bangladesh. Journal of business ethics, 97(2), 311-324.
Manik, J. A., Yardley, J., & DHAKA, B. (2013). Building collapse in Bangladesh leaves scores
dead. The New York Times, 24.
Mostafa, R., & Klepper, S. (2010). Industrial development through tacit knowledge seeding:
evidence from the Bangladesh garment industry. Unpublished Working Paper.
Mottaleb, K. A., & Sonobe, T. (2011). An inquiry into the rapid growth of the garment industry in
Bangladesh. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 60(1), 67-89.
Sarker, M. A. R., & Afroze, R. (2014). Can HRM practices improve job satisfaction of Ready
Made Garment (RMG) workers in Bangladesh? An alternative solution to recent unrest.
International Journal of Business and Management, 9(10), 185.
Yunus, M., & Yamagata, T. (2012). The garment industry in Bangladesh. Dynamics of the
Garment Industry in Low-Income Countries: Experience of Asia and Africa (Interim
Report). Chousakenkyu Houkokusho, IDE-JETRO.
Running Head: ETHICS
1
Ethics
ETHICS
2
Bangladesh is one of the second largest readymade garments producer and supplier.
Bangladesh is a higher attractor of top companies and labels such as Hugo Boss, Wal-Mart, GAP
and Pierre Cardin. Most of these top labels are from North America Australia and in Europe.
Although the country has made remarkable improvements in the garment industry, like the
building of eco-friendly factories and meeting of the set stringent safety measures and standards,
the industrial workers in the country get pennies for their tireless work done. Moreover, workers
are also subjected to a harsh work environment. While this industry is thriving in every month in
the western countries, the workers in the industry are still struggling to survive on the low wages
which are barely above the poverty level (Yunus & Yamagata, 2012). The workers form the
backbone of the industry through the production of more than 28 billion dollars annual income for
the garment industry.
For the past decade the export shoot from nine-point billion dollars in 2007 to twenty-eight
point billion dollars in 2016. With the encouraging shift of the industrial growth, the country has
set a target of exportation in 2021 which will be of more than fifty billion dollars’ worth of
garments. With all these visions and future predictions, the Bangladesh apparel industry hasn’t
provided or mentioned anything to do with the key players of the industry. Being the backbone of
the industry it has been their efforts to make sure that the industry expands and hence they needed
to be considered in the setting of the 2021 vision (Mottaleb & Sonobe, 2011). The living condition,
as well as the working condition for the garment industry workers, remains to be poor. In more
than one hundred and sixty-six citizens of Bangladesh more than thirty-two percent are still living
below the poverty level of less than or two dollars in a day. The current wage for the apparel
industry workers in Bangladesh is 5,300 taka which represents about sixty-four dollars.
ETHICS
3
In April 2013 ran plaza clasped this was the home for more than five apparel industries in
the country. Even though the government had given a vacation notice resulting from the cracks in
the building, the factory managers persuaded their workers to get in the building and continue with
their day to day activities. The managers insisted that the plaza was safe. In other cases, most of
the workers who were hesitating to report to work were threatened of dismissal. Saver got an
effect of power cut and once the building generator was ignited the plaza started to shake resulting
in collapsing. With this tragedy, more than one thousand and a hundred people were resulted dead
and more than two thousand seriously injured. This was one of the biggest disasters which had
ever hit the county garment industry. Five months before the plaza collapse more than a hundred
and ten workers had been reported dead, and others who were in hundreds were said to be seriously
injured resulting from a fire outbreak at Tazreen Fashion factory in Bangladesh. This was the most
recent dangerous industrial fire in the garment industry leaving dozens wounded and killing
hundreds of workers (Manik, Yardley & DHAKA, 2013).
An interview done in the country that included workers from more than fourth four
companies that deal with the production of apparels, violation of workers’ rights was a problem
that was common in all the firms. The abuse of the workers right included practice by the firms
which were contrary to the national government set code of conduct and laws (Mostafa & Klepper,
2010). Among the violation in the countries, apparel industry included physical abuse and verbal
abuse, sexual harassment, delayed payment, child labor, forced overtime, women also reported to
be denied maternity leaves, provision of dirty water and restrictions to use toilets.
Bangladesh textile industry accounts for more than three-quarters of the country’s total
exports earning and a GDP of twenty percent, the industry is committed to becoming safe to her
workers and also to be globally competitive. Among the stakeholders in the sector includes the
ETHICS
4
IFC, the national government, and the local textile association. The IFC together with ILO has
launched better work, through this companies can comply with the energy and water efficiency
methods. The two brands are among the world leading fashion brands, and they support the
campaign to install fire and building safety conditions/measures in the countries industry who are
the critical apparel suppliers (Akhter, Salahuddin, AIqbal, Malek & Jahan, 2010).IFC has
collaborated with several partners to make sure that the countries apparel industry remains globally
competitive. With the collaboration with the Bangladesh national government, IFC and ILO have
promised to support the textile industry and ensure proper treatments of employees.
Having collected data from more than fourty four companies in the country, it can be more
comfortable for the stakeholders to address all the employee problems in the country with
evidence. Formulation of mistreatment of workers in their workplace can be well achieved by
having a list of misconducts that the workers are receiving from the company. The existing
frameworks were only company centered as visions and plans for 2021 has been set aside. With
the set vision and procedures, no company in the country has been identified addressing the
violation of workers’ rights or even addressing the living standards of its workers (Belal & Roberts,
2010). Hence the current available policies and code of conduct are company centered leaving
behind the rights and the voice of the workers who are the greatest contributor to the country’s
economic growth.
Assumptions such as the Rana Plaza was safe before it collapsed are among the leadership
problem facing the industry. As for the codes of conducts stakeholders in the apparel industry has
coped up with the company’s management assumptions that the workers are safe, their working
condition is right and that the workers receive their dues on time. This is contrary to the truth as
the workers receive both physical, verbal and psychological abuse (Andriof, Waddock, Husted &
ETHICS
5
Rahman, 2017). With the current stakeholders’ concern in the industry, the apparel industry in
Bangladesh will be back to her competitive edge globally. With the considerations of the workers’
condition, salary and rights the sector will be raked as the best in legal, ethical and compliance
status in the world.
Seeking cheap labor will only bring a bad reputation among the countries apparel
customers who are mostly external brands, this might seriously affect the economy of the country,
and hence there is need to look into the industry legal and ethical considerations. More changes
need to be incorporated in Bangladesh textile industry not to prevent more disasters such as the
house collapse or fire but to keep the country’s economy healthy and to grow. The Bangladesh
national government with collaboration with the human rights bodies in the country should bargain
for equitable and reasonable pay which is not delayed for the worker. Secondly, the government
should tighten the compliance laws for the companies (Sarker & Afroze, 2014). Also, the company
management should set an overall goal which is not self-centered but all round purposes. With all
these considerations the industry will be in a better position to compete as well as to remain ethical
to the customers and her employees.
ETHICS
6
References
Akhter, S., Salahuddin, A. F. M., Iqbal, M., Malek, A. B. M. A., & Jahan, N. (2010). Health and
occupational safety for female workforce of garment industries in Bangladesh. Journal of
Mechanical Engineering, 41(1), 65-70.
Andriof, J., Waddock, S., Husted, B., & Rahman, S. S. (2017). Unfolding stakeholder thinking 2:
Relationships, communication, reporting and performance. Routledge.
Belal, A. R., & Roberts, R. W. (2010). Stakeholders’ perceptions of corporate social reporting in
Bangladesh. Journal of business ethics, 97(2), 311-324.
Manik, J. A., Yardley, J., & DHAKA, B. (2013). Building collapse in Bangladesh leaves scores
dead. The New York Times, 24.
Mostafa, R., & Klepper, S. (2010). Industrial development through tacit knowledge seeding:
evidence from the Bangladesh garment industry. Unpublished Working Paper.
Mottaleb, K. A., & Sonobe, T. (2011). An inquiry into the rapid growth of the garment industry in
Bangladesh. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 60(1), 67-89.
Sarker, M. A. R., & Afroze, R. (2014). Can HRM practices improve job satisfaction of Ready
Made Garment (RMG) workers in Bangladesh? An alternative solution to recent unrest.
International Journal of Business and Management, 9(10), 185.
Yunus, M., & Yamagata, T. (2012). The garment industry in Bangladesh. Dynamics of the
Garment Industry in Low-Income Countries: Experience of Asia and Africa (Interim
Report). Chousakenkyu Houkokusho, IDE-JETRO.
Running head: SUMMARY COCA-COLA COMPANY
Summary of the Coca-Cola Company case study
Summary of the Coca-Cola Company
1
SUMMARY COCA-COLA COMPANY
2
Introduction
The summary is about ethical issues and social responsibility framework. The focus of
this article is the Coca-Cola Company as it has struggled with ethical issues in the course of its
business and in the quest to maintain its profitability. The summary starts by sharing the history
of the Coca-Cola Company and its position as a leader in global beverage making and sales.
Reputation
As a worldwide leader and recognized leader in beverages, the reputation of the company
remains paramount in selling its image to the customers. As seen in the case, there are crisis
situations whereby the company faced various scares that negatively impacted the business and
its image. One such is the contamination scare in 19999 when children in Belgium became sick
after consuming the products. The other situation was with the allegations of racial
discrimination leveled against the company. The company was accused of discriminating against
African-Americans. Yet another challenge was in the accusation that the company was inflating
its earnings relating to channel stuffing which happened through counting shipped products as
revenues before the product was even sold thus strengthening the financial position.
In addition to this, the company further had distribution challenges in the U.S. the
company’s bottling plant faces challenges resulting in its immense water usage. Furthermore, it
was accused of contaminating the groundwater and the atrocious practice of land grabbing by
forcing farmers off their lands. This created challenges in supply chain oversight. According to
the readings, the Coca-Cola Company also had its fair share of accusations that the products
were detrimental to human health when consumed. Also, the company had a data breach when a
former employee stole information about employees and other business associates. POM
Wonderful accused the company of being deceptive in its advertising campaigns and its labeling.
SUMMARY COCA-COLA COMPANY
Recovery from Ethical Crises
The company’s recovery from ethical issues is addressed and the focus on social
responsibility gets mentioned in the article. The final piece is about the current situation at the
company. This is the company is doing well and as seen in the case, it will remain the best
company since it does its business accepting the law that governs it.
3
Running head: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
1
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
2
Environmental Law
Introduction
This article talks about the various laws in place to protect the environment from damage
due to human activities or otherwise. Furthermore, it talks of various ways that the humans
negatively affect the environment, the possible remedies to the conditions, and the emerging
trends and solutions.
Consideration of Varying Environmental Requirements
This part addresses the different environmental effects resulting from the varied human
activities. The different regulatory tools used by different countries are talked about ad how they
present challenges to the protection of the environment. Also the use of environmental laws as
prohibitive tools for conducting business have been discussed in-depth especially relating to the
nations that are environmentally responsible.
Traditional International Remedies
This section talks about some of the environmental remedies used in the past to address
environmental challenges. One such instrument used is the polluter pays principle. Furthermore,
the section offers several case studies that address each remedy that is mentioned, thus giving a
real life picture of how applicable the remedies really are.
Emerging Problems and Solutions
This section addresses some of the challenges that are coming up and are newer relating
to environmental regulations. The problems and solutions are addressed regionally and also
globally. Some of the global solutions that are offered include the efforts by the United Nations,
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
the World Trade Organization, the International Court of Justice, The Global Ban on Toxic
Substances, the Basel Convention, the Montreal Convention, and Climate Control Treaties
among other measures.
Regulating the Competitive Environment
This part deals with the ways of ensuring that the competition is a fair as possible between and
among businesses. Furthermore, there is the historical development of the international
competition law which is comparative to the Antitrust law.
3
Running head: FEDERAL ANTIDISCRIMINATION LAWS
FEDERAL ANTIDISCRIMINATION LAWS
1
FEDERA ANTIDISCRIMINATION LAWS
2
Federal Antidiscrimination Laws
Title VII of the Civil Acts Right
The act strictly bans employers from discriminating people applying for employment
positions based on attributes such as their race, the skin colour, sex, religion, national origin, and
also prohibits against acts of retaliation by employers towards employees who assert their rights.
Age Discrimination and Employment Act
The act prohibits any employer from denying employment to a person based on their age.
The act is especially applicable to those above the age of 40 years and is applicable to any
organization with more than 20 employees.
Americans with Disabilities Act
The act was established to protect the disabled from discrimination due to their status.
Furthermore, it also protects those that are perceived to have certain disabilities, which in reality
they might not possess.
Equal Pay Act
The act was put in place to ensure that both men and women get entitled to equal pay for
the same amount of work done. However, certain factors like the working conditions also have to
be similar regardless of the title.
Immigration Reform and Control Act
The act was established to protect employees against discrimination on the basis of their
citizenship or their national origin.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 (Section1981)
The act recognizes the African Americans as America citizens and bestows upon them
certain rights that were previously a reserve of the white men.
FEDERA ANTIDISCRIMINATION LAWS
Genetic Information Non-discrimination Act
The act prohibits employers from using genetic information of an employee as the basis
of decision making in a company.
Colorado Antidiscrimination Act
The act prohibits any form of discrimination based on their sexual orientation, national
origin, race, skin colour, ancestry, religion, and disability.
3
Running head: SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FRAMEWORK
Social Responsibility Framework
1
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FRAMEWORK
2
Social Responsibility Framework
Introduction
The article begins with the definition of social responsibility. The application of the term
to different forms of businesses is also explored. Finally, the needs of social responsibility get
addressed.
Development of Social Responsibility
This part talks mainly of the importance of the businesses as social institutions and how
social responsibility came to birth and was developed. The history of the term “social
responsibility” is given through the world’s major events like the World Wars and the Great
Depression
Global Nature of Social Responsibility
This section talks about how social responsibility fits in with the globalization of
businesses. The belief that global businesses often exploit the locals is firmly rooted and other
evils such as corruption and working conditions get mentioned. The finality is that there are
benefits to partnerships between the different stakeholders in global business.
Benefits of Social Responsibility
This section addresses how the initiatives of social responsibility are necessary in the
strengthening of stakeholder relationships, bettering performance, and any additional benefits
that may arise. The pillars including trust, customer loyalty, employee commitment, and
shareholder support are discussed relative to the benefits of social responsibility. Finally the
contribution of the business to the overall national economy gets weighed.
Framework for Studying Social Responsibility
SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FRAMEWORK
3
This section talks about the social expectations that a business is expected to meet. In
here, the issues are discussed in subtopics within which the details get expounded. One of the
issues under this topic is the strategic management of the shareholder relationships. Another
issue is the corporate governance and how the maintenance of such ensures better control of the
assigned responsibilities and respective actions. The other part is the legal, regulatory, and
political issues. This is mainly the relationship between a business and the government.
Furthermore, the business ethics and strategic approaches to improving the ethical behaviour are
discussed. The other important issues are employee relations; the customer relations; community
and philanthropy; issues relating to technology; matters relating to sustainability; the global
social responsibility; and finally a summary of the whole work is given.

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